One of the factors for a quality vacation is the comfort factor. This comfort can come from the climate.

Many indicators include the convenience of transportation, tourism management services and so on. There is one comfort that we still rarely hear, namely the comfort of climate or weather.

Indonesia, which has a tropical climate, has many very charming tourist areas, especially natural tourism. However, to visit these tourist areas, it is still very rare for us or the manager of the tourist area to use climate or weather parameters as a reference to state the level of comfort.

Weather parameters used are air temperature, humidity, wind, sunlight and rainfall. We conducted a survey of 793 people in three natural tourism areas, namely Ecopark Ancol which represents the coastal area, Bogor Botanical Garden which represents the lowlands and Cibodas Botanical Garden which represents the mountainous area.

The results of the survey are used as a reference for comfort based on climate or weather parameters. So that our tourism activities can run according to our wishes. Here are five tips that can be used to make tourism activities comfortable:

1. Temperature

From various literatures, it is found that the comfortable temperature is in the range 18-23C. However, the literature used is research in sub-tropical areas.

For the Indonesian region with a tropical climate, there is no standard reference for comfortable temperatures. The results of our research show that a comfortable temperature for the Indonesian region is 25-30C.

To determine what the temperature of the air, now we are easy to find out. Almost all smartphones have a weather app. The application also has forecasts for the next week.

When we asked whether the weather factor affects comfort, more than 97% answered that the weather affects comfort. But when asked when deciding to visit the tourist area you want to go to, have you taken the temperature factor into account?

As many as 57% answered yes at Ecopark Ancol, 39% answered yes at the Bogor Botanical Gardens and 60% answered yes at Cibodas Botanical Gardens. It turns out that the majority of answers answered that to visit the air temperature factor was the coastal and mountainous areas.

2. Air humidity

The comfortable air humidity range is 60-70%. Air humidity is the concentration of water vapor present in the air.

As with air temperature, we also ask whether visiting tourist areas has considered the humidity factor. The biggest answer is in the coastal area, which is 49% considering the humidity factor.

For lowland and mountainous areas that have considered the humidity factor, only 10% and 17%, respectively. It turns out that according to tourists’ perceptions, the coastal area is synonymous with hot and dry air.

3. Wind

Wind conditions that are felt to be comfortable are small wind speeds of 9 km / h or 2.5 m / s. Similar to the air humidity factor, visitors who consider the wind factor the most to decide to visit are the beach area, which is 49%. Furthermore, for the Bogor Botanical Gardens and Cibodas Botanical Gardens, respectively, 20% and 32%.

4. Sunshine

Based on the height of the place (topography), the higher the tourist area, the lower the percentage of tourists considering the sunlight factor to visit. Respectively from the coast to the mountains the percentages were 60%, 31% and 23%.

The most uncomfortable time to travel is midday in the range of 12.00 to 14.00. Where the sun has high intensity.

At midday, choose a location that has vegetation such as trees because the tree functions as a shade that can reduce sunlight so it doesn’t directly hit the body.

5. Rainfall

As the adage we often hear, prepare an umbrella before it rains. This means that if it rains, we will not be comfortable traveling. Some nature signs can be used as a guide such as the appearance of black or cloudy clouds. Although there is also a saying that overcast does not mean rain, we are still vigilant by bringing an umbrella or raincoat.

What is the impact if we know the weather conditions at tourist sites? The first has an impact on the clothes we will wear.

Areas that have cold temperatures, so the clothes we wear are rather thick compared to hot temperatures. For example, visiting mountainous areas.

Do not let a trip to the beach wearing thick clothes, and vice versa. So choose clothes that suit the air temperature of the tourist area.

The next impact is supporting tools, such as moisturizers. If we know that the air humidity in an area is low, then we prepare a moisturizer so that our skin does not crack.

Furthermore, if we know that there will be a storm or heavy rain, then decide not to go on a tour.